Ghana, on the West Coast of Africa, is one of the most thriving democracies on the continent. It shares boundaries with Togo to the east, la Cote d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea, to the south. The country was ruled by a number of ancient kingdoms, including the Ga-Daŋmes on the eastern coast, inland Empire of Ashanti and various Fante states along the coast and inland. The British established a crown colony, Gold Coast, in 1874. Upon being the first Sub-Saharan African nation to achieve independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, the name Ghana was chosen for the new nation to reflect the ancient Empire of Ghana that once extended throughout much of western Africa. English is the main language.
Ghana offers something for everyone.
The capital city of Accra is home to The University of Ghana and the National Museum where the History of Ghana is to be discovered, and also the Makola Market one of the continents’s most colourful and picturesque modern open markets. where the Ghanaian women traders show their business acumen.
Each of Ghanas’ ten regions has its own attractions such as the central region with its ancient forts and castles built by the European traders, busy fishing villages and traditional market towns that abound along the coastline of palm-fringed beaches, through the Volta Region with the Wli waterfalls and cruises on the manmade Lake Volta (arising from the building of the Akosombo Dam) to the north where Mole National Park, the largest eco-tourism site in the country, is home to a wide variety of animals and an estimated 300 birds species. Ashanti, the most populous region in Ghana, with Kumasi as its capital, is an agricultural area in the centre of the country; the Ashanti people are specifically known for their craftwork and lively festivals.
The Ghanaian festivals are a colourful and vibrant part of the culture. Each year festivals and durbars are held in various parts of the country, to celebrate the heritage of the people.
The country’s economy is dominated by agriculture, and Ghana is one of the leading exporters of cocoa in the world. It is also a significant exporter of commodities such as gold and lumber. but the discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea could make Ghana an important oil producer and exporter in the next few years.